Adoption in Arizona: What does it mean to terminate parental rights?
When considering, researching, and choosing adoption in Arizona , you are going to hear plenty of new terms and words. From distinguishing the difference between adoption agencies and adoption lawyers, to learning what an open adoption mean, to legal language such as “terminate parental rights”, Adoption Choices of Arizona is here to help you understand the language associated with your adoption process.
What is a termination of parental rights?
Termination of parental rights is the legal process where the court ends the parent-child relationship between a child and one or both of the child’s parents. This means that the parent whose rights are terminated will have zero legal rights to the child.
When an expectant mother chooses adoption for her baby, she is voluntarily terminating her parental rights. Voluntary termination happens when the birth parents legally consent to adoption, relinquishing all of their parental rights and responsibilities. This type of termination of parental rights is most commonly associated with domestic infant adoptions. This is also known as Consent to Adoption.
Mothers who choose adoption for their babies have the right of consent. Birth fathers often must legally establish paternity before they have the right to consent to or contest an adoption. Laws and processes for establishing paternity vary by state. In most states, birth mothers must wait for a certain amount of time following the child’s birth before signing consent. In the State of Arizona the consents can be signed as soon as 72 hours after the child’s birth. Some states allow birth fathers to execute consent during the pregnancy. Most states require the consent to be in writing. Don’t worry, Adoption Choices of Arizona’s legal team will make sure you paperwork is prepared.
It is important to understand that once a parent consents to adoption in Arizona, it is irrevocable unless the birth mother can show that the consent was signed under duress, undue influence or fraud. If she has signed her consent with her own attorney, it is nearly impossible to successfully claim that there was duress, undue influence or fraud. This is one of the many reasons that it is so important to ensure the birth mother has her own legal representation. A birth mother will always be legally represented with Adoption Choices of Arizona.
Termination of Parental Rights in Arizona
To proceed with an adoption in Arizona, the birth parents’ parental rights must first be terminated. Working with a trusted, licensed adoption agency is the best case scenario for a woman choosing adoption. For adoption resources or to begin your adoption journey, birth parents can visit us at Adoption Choices of Arizona or call or text us at 1-480-900-5520. If you are a prospective adoptive family hoping to adopt a baby, please instead, visit us here!